Title I is the major component of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA),
passed in 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty. Congress
has reauthorized the Act numerous times since its enactment, making changes in
focus each time. The current reauthorization of ESEA is the Every Student
Succeeds Act (ESSA), signed into law by President Barack Obama on December 10,
Title I funding flows from the U.S. Department of Education (as appropriated by Congress) to the Florida Department of Education (FDOE), which then allocates funds to Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS). The District disburses Title I funding to schools based on the number of low-income children and schools spend the funds allocated based on formalized School Improvement Plans approved by M-DCPS and FDOE. Early Childhood, Exceptional Student Education, and Family Support Programs are supported through the Title I Program. Funding priority is given to the lowest-achieving schools with the highest levels of poverty.